Human body in western art

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Human body in western art

European Metal Age cultures Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean Aegean civilization is a general term for the prehistoric Bronze Age cultures of the area around the Aegean Sea covering the period from c. From the earliest times these cultures fall into three main groups: For convenience, the three cultures are each divided into three phases, Early, Middle, and Late, in accordance with the phases of the Bronze Age.

The culture of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean, although it commenced somewhat later than those of the Aegean, came to parallel them by the Middle Bronze Age. The first centre of high civilization in the Aegean area, with great cities and palaces, a highly developed art, extended trade, writing, and use of seal stones, was Crete.

Here from the end of the 3rd millennium bc onward a very distinctive civilization, owing much to the older civilizations of Egypt and the Middle East but original in its character, came into being.

Human body in western art

The Cretan Minoan civilization had begun to spread by the end of the Early Bronze Age across the Aegean to the islands and to the mainland of Greece. During the Late Bronze Age, from the middle of the 16th century onward, a civilization more or less uniform superficially but showing local divergences is found throughout the Aegean area.

Eventually people bearing this civilization spread colonies eastward to Cyprus and elsewhere on the southern and western coasts of Asia Minor as far as Syria, also westward to Tarentum in southern Italy and even perhaps to Sicily.

In the latter part of this period, after about bc, the centre of political and economic power, if not of artistic achievement, appears to have shifted from Knossos in Crete to Mycenae on the Greek mainland.

The Early Bronze Age — bc Early Minoan The early Minoan period saw a thousand years of peaceful development, which eventually gave place to the full flowering of the Minoan spirit, the Middle Minoan period.

Pottery was preeminent among the Early Minoan arts. Thanks to obsidian from Melos, marble from many islands, and local sources of gold, silver, and copper, the Cycladic islanders rapidly became prosperous.

The Early Cycladic period is celebrated principally for its statuettes and vases carved from the brilliant coarse-crystalled marble of these islands. The statuettes, mostly of goddesses, are among the finest products of the Greek Bronze Age.

They owe their charm to the extreme simplification of bodily forms. These figures vary in size from a few inches to more than six feet in length. A prosperous era arose about bc and lasted until about Sculpture was overshadowed by pottery, metalwork, and architecture among the Early Helladic arts.

In the Early Cypriot, the only surviving sculptures are a series of steatite cruciform figures of a mother goddess — bc stylized in much the same way as contemporary Cycladic idols, from which they may have been derived. Large-scale sculpture seems not to have found much favour in Crete, although fragments of life-size figures from this period were discovered in the Cyclades in the late 20th century.

Miniature sculpture of the highest quality, some of it of fired sand and clay, was produced from at least as early as bc. These women stand with their arms in front of them, holding sacred snakes; they wear a flounced skirt and tight belt, and their breasts are bare.Nudity in art – painting, sculpture and more recently photography – has generally reflected social standards of the time in aesthetics and modesty/morality.

At all times in human history, the human body has been one of the principal subjects for artists. It has been represented in . The nude first became significant in the art of ancient Greece, where athletic competitions at religious festivals celebrated the human body, particularly the male, in an unparalleled way.

The athletes in these contests competed in the nude, and the Greeks considered them embodiments of all that was best in .

Human body in western art

I believe the educational value of this exhibit is extraordinary We can look into the mirror and simply see our external appearance, but BODIES The Exhibition also allows us to .

The nude figure is a tradition in Western art, and has been used to express ideals of male and female beauty and other human was a central preoccupation of Ancient Greek art, and after a semi-dormant period in the Middle Ages returned to a central position in Western art with the ph-vs.comes, dancers, and warriors are depicted to express human energy and life, and .

Like painting, Western sculpture has tended to be humanistic and naturalistic, concentrating upon the human figure and human action studied from nature.

Early in the history of the art there developed two general types: statuary, in which figures are shown in the round, and relief, . Other themes that were often used to depict the naked human body were the Biblical story of Susanna and the Elders, David, Cupids are a frequent motif of both Roman art and later Western art of the classical tradition.

Depictions of nudity.

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