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Introduction Under the rule of the Arabian caliphs, Palestine enjoyed four centuries of peace and prosperity. After the death of Caliph 'Ali rahusband of Fatimah raand son-in-law of the Prophet sit was in Jerusalem that the Arab leaders met in to elect as their king, Mu'awiyah, the founder of the dynasty of the Umayyads.
The Arab chroniclers report that his first act upon becoming king was to go and pray at Golgotha and then at Gethsemane. After the death of Mu'awiyah's son, YazidCaliph Abd al Malik had the mosque known as the Dome of the Rock built at Jerusalem as a symbol of the unity of the three Abrahamic religions: Jewish, Christian and Islamic.
A careful "reading" of the monument to grasp its inner spiritual meaning reveals that it contains the germ of the major themes in "Islamic art," whose fundamental purpose is to express the faith revealed in the Qur'an.
This "art" is decipherable only if one recalls the tenets of the Islamic faith. The Dome of the Rock presents the first example, and a very striking one, of the Islamic world-view. The very site where it was established, the structure of the building, its dimensions and proportions, the forms to be found within it, the colors that enliven it, its external outline, and the symphony of its internal space, are all representative of the faith that inspired its construction.
It would be fruitless, though easy, to start out by searching in Byzantine, Syrian, Persian, Hellenic, or Roman art for similar elements of architectural techniques, for a specific motif or for this or that mathematical harmony in the arrangement.
These influences exist, of course, and historians, archaeologists, art critics, and architects have often carried out this work of analysis.
They have done a fine and useful job of demonstrating how the builders, the craftsmen, and the mosaic artists who took part in the creation of the building in question came from all regions of the new "Arab empire" and brought to the task their own technique and their own styles or work.
If we are to stop short of this "objective" analysis, however, without making our point of departure the "subjective" central impulse from which the newly realized synthesis was effected, we would miss what is essential, namely, the organizing principle of the whole, which transfigures the borrowings and expresses a single faith through the diversity of the cultures that have been given a new lease on life by the re-emergence of the universal, and eternal Islamic faith.
The Site Let us consider first the choice of the site and the importance of the resources committed to the work. The Caliph had resolved to consecrate to this building all the tribute levied in Egypt over a period of seven years. It would be fruitless to dwell upon the anecdotal explanation or even the conjectural history of this decision, based on suggestions that the Caliph wished to "challenge the World" by building an Islamic monument finer than any built by rival religions, or that he was attempting to divert the stream of pilgrims from Makkah, where a rebel, Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr rahad seized power.
Undoubtedly, such considerations and calculations were not absent from Abd-al-Malik's decision. But the creation, on the first attempt, of a new form of beauty, which would serve as a model for the architecture and artistic creations of all Muslims on three continents for a thousand years, cannot be "explained" by the trivial vanity, ambition, or stratagems of an ephemeral sovereign.
History The Prophet Muhammad s never claimed to be creating a new religion, but rather to be recalling all men to the priniordial religion, contemporary with the awakening of the first man, the religion of which Abraham's sacrifice in responding unconditionally to God's call offered the finest model and example.
Therefore it is not by an accident of history or through the whims of a despot that the starting point of Islamic art coincides with the starting point of the spiritual life of the Abrahamic tradition, including the lives of Jews, Christians, and Muslims, namely, Jerusalem.
This is the place of the life and ascension of Jesus pbuhand, according to the Qur'an [Surah 17, Ayah 1, 'The Children of Israel'], of the rock from which the Prophet s rose from Earth to Heaven to contemplate the Ordinance of God six centuries before Dante's Divine Comedy.
Here it was that Solomon pbuh built the Temple destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, the temple that Herod built and that the Romam razed to the ground.
When he entered Jerusalem in A.The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as Abrahamism, are a group of Semitic-originated religious communities of faith that claim descent from the Judaism of the ancient Israelites and the worship of the God of ph-vs.com term derives from a figure from the Bible known as Abraham..
Abrahamic religion spread globally through Christianity being adopted by the Roman Empire in the. Tawhid (Arabic: توحيد tawḥīd, meaning "oneness [of God]" also romanized as tawheed, touheed, or tevhid) is the indivisible oneness concept of monotheism in Islam.
Tawhid is the religion's central and single-most important concept, upon which a Muslim's entire faith rests.
It unequivocally holds that God is One (Al-ʾAḥad) and Single (Al-Wāḥid); therefore, the Islamic belief in. Introduction. Under the rule of the Arabian caliphs, Palestine enjoyed four centuries of peace and prosperity.
Jerusalem (Al-Quds) was the holy city of the Muslims, Jews, and the Christians. A great informative and educational site about Islam, Allah, Muhammad,Quran and Muslim,an Islamic perspective of Scientific issues and information about Muslim Scholarships, and many other Islam and Science related resources.
Allah (SWT) is the proper name in Arabic language for One and Only God; this word does not have any plural or gender equivalent. Allah existed on His own, He is . Islam (/ ˈ ɪ s l ɑː m /) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religious group teaching that there is only one God and that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
It is the world's second-largest religion and with over billion followers (or % of the world's population), most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.